写作指导:景点介绍(学生版)

写作指导——景点介绍

1.写作要求

在介绍旅游景点时,可以从地理位置、占地面积、人口状况、历史背景、自然特点、资源特色、风景名胜等方面着手,要有主次、详略得当,突出有特色的地方,让人读完有身临其境之感。

2.基本要点

时态多用一般现在时;

景点介绍中涉及的专有名词,首字母一般都要大写。如:The Great Wall, Summer Palace, West Lake.

常用形容词:picturesque, breathtaking, splendid, amazing, fascinating, u nforgettable, peaceful, relaxing, thrilling, exciting…

3.常见表达

①地理位置:

★ A + lies/is + to/on/in+ the+方位+ of +B。某地位于……

Shanghai lies in the east of China. (在范围内,从属关系)

Guangdong lies on the south of Hunan. (相邻,接壤)

Ireland lies to the west of Britain. (不接壤,隔海相望)

★ A + lies/ is + off+ B。A地位于离B地不远的海上。

The island lies off the East coast. 这座岛在东海岸附近。

★某地+ be located/situated in/at/on…某地座落于……

The new building will be located in the center of town.

The school is situated in the suburbs.

★某地+ be surrou nded by/with…某地被…环绕着/包围着。

The city is surrounded by suburbs.

★某地+ lies + 数词+ metres above sea-level. 某地海拔……米。

Tibet lies at an average of 4,000 metres above sea-level.

②占地面积:

★某地+ covers/takes up an area of ...。某地占地… 面积。

The small town covers an area of 5 square kilometers.

Xinjiang takes up about one-sixth of our territory.

★某地+ is + 数词+ long and +数词+单位词wide。某地多长多宽。

The garden is 30 metres long and 20 metres wide.

③人口状况:

★某地+ has a large/small population。某地人口众多/稀少。

★某地+ has a population of + 数词。某地有……人口。

This city has a populatio of more than 1,000,000.

★The population of + 地名is + 数词。某地有……人口。

The population of the county is 400,000.

★数词+ percent of the population are ... 。百分之……的人口是……。

Eighty percent of the population here are farmers.

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