写作指导:人物传记(学生版)

写作指导——人物传记

1.写作要求

人物传记是记叙文体的一种,但人物传记主要是写名人或伟人的生平、事迹。

写人记叙文,一般为肖像描写、行动描写、语言描写、心理描写以及对细节的描写。写作时要围绕人物组织材料,所写短文中应包括who,when,where,what 等内容。写作时,要做到主题鲜明,内容清楚,突出重点并注意结构的完整性。2.基本要点

①使用正确人称和时态。

时态:一般现在时——描写人物外貌、性格、兴趣等;

一般过去时——描写人物出生、澳门金沙国际背景、经历、事迹;

人称:第一人称或第三人称。

②介绍人物的姓名、年龄、外貌、学历、经历、专业、爱好、特长、事迹、性格等,包括所给的全部信息点,不能遗漏或随意添加。

③正确运用描写人物的词汇和句型。

3.常见表达

①外貌特征:

pretty, beautiful, good-looking,handsome, ordinary-looking, with a big nose, with a big smile, tall, thin, strong, white-haired, 1.75 meters tall, …

②性格特点:

absent-minded, charming, attractive, wise, confident, talkative, diligent, generous, be ready to help others, kindhearted, patient, humorous, have a good/bad temper, independent, …

③童年情况:

as a boy of 15, be born in a…family, during one’s childhood, live a happy/hard life, the son of a poor family, spend one’s childhood in, at the age of, …

④兴趣爱好:

be delighted in doing, be good at, be interested in, be fond of, be crazy about, be pleased with, do well in, enjoy doing, have a strong desire to do, long for/long to do, take a pleasure in doing,…

⑤澳门金沙国际背景:

be admitted to Beijing University, get/receive a master’s/doctor’s degree, get on well with one’s lessons, go abroad for further study, graduate from, major in, take an active part in, …

⑥成就或事迹:

become a member of the team, encourage sb. to do sth., receive the Nobel Prize for physics, set a new world record of, win the first prize in, win a gold /silver/ bronze medal, have a talent/gift for, make up one’s mind to do sth., put one’s heart into, devote oneself to (doing) sth., with great determination and perseverance, …

⑦他人评价:

an inspiring leader, a model worker, an advanced teacher, be respected by, be honored as, be considered/regarded as, be famous/known as, his hard work brought him great success, make great contributions to our country, set a good example for, speak/think highly of, make great progress in, …

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